Monday, January 28, 2008

Соёмбыг англиар тайлахуй



Манай тeрийн сvлдэнд Соёмбо мeнхeрсeeр удаж байгаа. Энэ нь ч ихээхэн eвeрмeц бeгeeтeл учир уянга утга нь тeгeлдeр нэгэн vсэг бeлгee. Харин vvнийг орчин vеийн сурах бичиг, тvvхийн сурвалжуудад юу гэж тайлбарладгыг хараагvй л байна. Харин бидний vед чинь арга бэлгийн дvрсийг эр эм хоёр загас хэмээн тайлбарладаг байсан. Загас нь хэзээ ч нvдээ цавчдаггvй бeгeeд манай улсын эр эм аль нь ч бай улсынхаа дархан хилийг нvд анилгvй хардаг гэсэн маягтай тайлбар хэлдэг байсан.


Харин одоо vvнийг юу гэж тайлдаг нь сонин. Болвол eeр эх сурвалжаас авч тавихийг хичээнээ. Бас vvнийг англи болон бусад хэлээр ч юу гэж тайлбарладаг нь сонин. Ер нь бас мэдэж авууштай зvйл. Гадаадынхан их сониуч улсууд бeгeeд тvvний тайлбарлах гэж манайхан ч алингаа алддаг болохыг та eeрee ч сайн мэдэх буй заа. Юутай ч энэ хоёр тайлбарын эхнийх нь John MajorThe Land and People of Mongolia” хэмээх 1990 онд гарсан номонд тайлбарласан байдал бол нeгeeх нь wikipedia-ын тайлбар болно.


"The soyombo (or soyemba) is the national emblem of Mongolia. Its origins are closely associated with Lamaism, and the various elements of the design were regarded as having mystical meanings. Individually, parts of the design also may be related to brands of ownership placed on horses and cattle. The star at the top of the modern soyombo is a recent addition to the traditional symbol; it represents socialist revolution. Below that, a fire symbol has multiple significance. It represents revival and growth, and also the family hearth and the continuity of the people. The fire has three tongues of flame, symbolizing past, present, and future.
Below the fire are symbols of the sun and moon, links to the pre-Buddhist nature religion of the Mongols. In ancient Mongolian symbolism, an arrow or spear pointing to the ground meant death.


In the soyombo, two downward-pointing triangles signify death to the enemies of the Mongols. Two horizontal rectangles represent honesty and fairness between rulers and the people. Set between the two horizontal rectangles is the Chinese sign of yin and yang, representing dark and light, fenale and male, cold and hot - the unity of all opposites in the cosmos. In Mongolian symbolism, the figures in the yin-yang circle represent two fish which, because fish never close their eyes, signify reason and wisdom.


The two vertical rectangles represent a fortress, recalling the old Mongolian proverb "The friendship of two men is stronger than stone walls." The symbol of the fortress signifies that the unity of the Mongol people is the foundation of the nation's strength. The soyombo was adopted as the official symbol of the Mongolian People's Republic by the first People's Great Khural in 1924. A golden soyombo is emblazoned on the left panel of Mongolia's blue-and-red national flag."From: 'The Land and People of Mongolia', by John S. Major, New York, 1990. (p. 183)


Дараах нь http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soyombo_script тайлбар болно. Энэ нь арай орчин vеийнх нь юм уу даа.


The Mongols give the elements in the Soyombo symbol the following significance (from top):
Fire is a general symbol of wealth and success. The three tongues of the flame represent the past, present, and future.
Sun and moon are old symbols of Tengriism for father sky, and thus for the origin of the Mongolian people.
The two triangles allude to the point of an arrow or spear. They point downward to announce the defeat of interior and exterior enemies.
The two horizontal rectangles give stability to the round shape. The rectangular shape represents the honesty and justice of the people of Mongolia, whether they stand at the top or at the bottom of society.
The two fish are the equivalent of the Chinese yin-yang symbol, which illustrates the mutual complement of man and woman. In socialist times, they were alternatively interpreted as a symbol of vigilance, because fish never close their eyes.
The two vertical rectangles can be interpreted as the walls of a fort. They represent unity and strength, based on a Mongolian proverb: "The friendship of two is stronger than stone walls."

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